Ganesh Pol is in the south side of the courtyard of the palace in the Amber Fort. It was built in the honor of Mughal Emperors under whom the Maharajas of Jaipur served in their army. Ganesh Pol has an alluring image of elephant headed god. It is build in the architectural style of kingdom and Lord Ganesha(elephant God) is in the middle of the long arch. And the interesting fact is that Lord Ganesha is not put in the traditional style but in the profile.
This depicts the viewer about the Hindu traditions rather than depicting the real god. It is one of the seven gates of Amber Fort and it was built between 1611 and 1667. This gate of Amber Fort is a royal mix of Mughal and Rajput architectural styles. This was built to access the private sections of the Amber Palace by the royals. It is one among the marvels of the dignified palace.
It is great to see that the curved gate has been painted with vegetable dyes and still retains its originality. The typical traditional ornaments are embedded on the gate which is worth watching in the entire fort. Ganesh Pol is a majestic path to the elegant and beautiful royal garden. The images are carved out with charming colours which attracts the tourists. this was built by Rajaputra clan, Jayasingh II.
Jai Mandir, also known as “The Hall of Victory”. Jai Mandir was constructed later by Mirza Raja Jai Singh I. Mandir have lusted ceiling with embedded mirror poeces in it. Insid the Jai Mandir, there is a Hall of Private audiene or ‘Diwan-E-Khas’ which is more likely seems to be as that of decoration and ornamentation of Jai Mandir and also “Sheesh Mahal” which is known for its mirror work. Several pieces of mirrors increases the beauty of walland the cieling, and a liitke spark of light illuminates the entire room.
The most beautiful structure in the Amber Fort is Jai Mandir .it is double floored and covered with white marble pavilion which overlooks the third courtyard garden , The Aram Bagh. It was built by Jai Singh I in the 17th century and is divided in three parts: the Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of the Private Audience) on the ground floor, a hall named Sheesh Mahal (Glass Palace) adjacent to Diwan-i-Khas, and the Jas Mandir (Hall of Glory) on the upper floor. The interior of Jai Mandir is well decorated. All the walls and roofs of the three parts are covered with small mirror pieces and also with white marbles. Secret meetings of Maharajas were held in these three parts. The lower portion of Jai Mandir is Glass Palace or “Sheesh Mahal”. This is the private lining area of the male members of the royal family and court. The sides of the interior walls are decorated with glass pieces and floral petals.
Jas Mandir :
Diwan-E-Khas or the Hall of Private Audience is also one of the attractions of the Amber Palace. It was built in 1623 A.D. during the reign of Mirza Raja Jai Singh from 1621 to 1627 A.D. and it took around six years in completion of construction. The Maharaja used to meet his special guests here. It is known as Jai Mandir and because of its glass work, it is also known as Sheesh Mahal or the Glass Mahal. Jas Mandir or the Yash Mandir is the upper part of Diwan-E-Khas and have magnificent floral designs with glass in them. Glass were imported from Belgium in 1623 A.D. which are used in Sheesh Mahal.
In the Jas Mandir, Hamams or the baths are located in the northern side. In summers the arched opening is covered with a screen woven with a aromatic grass known as Khas. It keeps the palace cool in hot summers. The Khas screens are moistened with water within short span of time which cools the air passing from the Khas and also carries a fragrance of grass into the palace-chambers.
A little garden is made in the classical Mughal pattern in front of Sheesh Mahal which is known as Char-Bag or Four gardens. The Rajas used to rest in the Sukh Niwas which is facing towards Sheesh Mahal.